Best of fall
The chase is on as autumn colors coat the countryside.
© Beth Gauper
Hikers cross a creek on the annual Parade of Colors hike from the Ice Age Chippewa Moraine center.
I always get a little frantic in fall, trying to make the most of a too-brief window of opportunity.
Fall is the best time for a lot of things: hiking, after frost has knocked off the bugs; road trips, when the countryside is at its loveliest; and wildlife-watching, when birds and beasts are on the move.
Plus, it's gorgeous. Most people try to catch the reds and oranges of maples at peak, but tamaracks, oaks and tallgrass keep
things glowing through October.
Here are my picks for the best things to see and do in fall.
Best hiking trailIn early fall, any hike through maple forest will be spectacular. But only one place is even more striking after leaves
have fallen — the Ice Age National Scenic Trail across Wisconsin.
Nearly everyone in the state and many people in Minnesota and Illinois live within a hour of this 1,000-mile trail, which
winds through the north woods but dips as far south as Janesville before heading for Door County.
In late fall, all of its odd features can be seen — lone boulders called erratics and the conical hills, high ridges and long hillocks known as kames, eskers and drumlins.
Many of the state's best-known hikes are part of the trail, at Devil's Lake State Park, around Wausau and in Kettle Moraine State Forest; see Greatest hits of the Ice Age.
One of the season's best scheduled hikes is in western Wisconsin at the Chippewa Moraine Ice Age Center in New Auburn. On the first Saturday of
October, volunteers drop off hikers for a scenic six-mile hike back to the center, where there's music and a picnic
For more, see 10 great fall hikes.
Best bicycle trail
© Beth Gauper
A family rides the Munger State Trail in eastern Minnesota.
In fall, nearly every bicycle trail is lined with brilliant red sumac and colorful clumps of wildflowers. But not every trail can supply coots, cormorants and great blue herons, as well.
In southwest Wisconsin, the 24-mile Great River State Trail starts in Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge and along the marshy bottomlands of the Upper Mississippi River National Fish and Wildlife Refuge.
On the fall day I rode it to Onalaska, I saw plenty of herons and shorebirds, plus pheasant, a skunk and a dozen turtles.
This area also has a lot of orchards, and on the first weekend in October, Apple Affair in nearby Galesville includes a family-friendly 20-mile cruise
through apple orchards as well as longer routes through the bluffs.
If you're dying to see fall colors in the north woods, try the BATS-Crystal Lake Trail, through Northern
Highland-American Legion State Forest near Boulder Junction, Wis.
While you're there, ride or drive the 12 miles between Boulder Junction and Star Lake on scenic Rustic Road 60.
For more, see 15 great trails to ride in fall.
Since the holidays still are months away, why not shop and enjoy a leisurely drive at the same time?
In fall, artists say goodbye to the art-fair circuit and let their patrons come to them on studio tours. Luckily, artists tend to live in the
kinds of places you'd want to visit anyway in the fall.
The biggest and oldest tour is the Southwest Wisconsin Fall Art Tour, held the third
weekend of October in the scenic countryside between Mineral Point, Spring Green and Baraboo.
Just try to stay focused. And if you miss the September and October studio tours, head for Madison, which has great holiday markets the first
three weekends of November.
Best fall colors
© Beth Gauper
In south-central Wisconsin, colors in Devil's Lake State Park stay vibrant into mid-October.
If you want to see fall colors at their peak, you have to keep moving.
In late September, head for the hardwood forests in the north woods in late September — my pick is Porcupine Mountains
Wilderness State Park in the Upper Peninsula.
Then head south, picking up tamarack golds in northern bogs and oak russets on southern ridges.
The best color I've seen has been chasing waterfalls in northeast Wisconsin (late September) and hiking around Cable in
northwest Wisconsin (early October) Devil's Lake State Park in south-central Wisconsin (mid-October) and Whitewater State
Park in southeast Minnesota (late October).
For more, see Pursuing the hues.
© Beth Gauper
A birder releases a goshawk from Hawk Ridge.
On Duluth's Hawk Ridge, September waves of broad-winged and sharp-shinned
hawks give way to red-tailed hawks and northern goshawks in October. From mid-August to November, nearly 100,000 raptors
migrate over this Lake Superior ridgeline.
Volunteer naturalists are there every day to talk about the birds and lend binoculars. On weekends, they offer such programs
as "Eyes on the Skies: Hawk-watching for Beginners.''
If you're lucky, they'll also show you a hawk close-up, after it's been caught and banded. And if you want to adopt one,
you'll be the one to release it back to the sky.
There are concession stands, too; many people hang out there for hours. For more, see Hawk heaven.
On the east side of the marsh, Mayville holds Audubon Days the first weekend of October.
Best road trip
© Beth Gauper
At Seed Savers Exchange near Decorah, visit the gift shop for a dazzling array of unusual seeds.
Fall is a great time to see for yourself that Iowa is not flat. Head for the bluff country around Decorah, missed by the last four glaciers, and you'll also see that Iowa is not boring.
Unusual people lived and worked among these wooded ridges and valleys. Composer Antonin Dvorak and the wood-carving Bily brothers lived in Spillville.
Laura Ingalls Wilder lived for a year in Burr Oak, a time so traumatic she never wrote about it. A slew of scholars and
Norwegian-heritage preservationists live in Decorah.
One of the most picturesque places is just north of Decorah, where Seed Savers Exchange grows and preserves heirloom seeds from around the world.
In October, it holds Harvest Festival, with tours, workshops, hayrides, guided hikes to the orchard, bluegrass music and
Also in October, the Northeast Iowa Artists' Studio Tour includes more than 50
studios within 35 miles of Decorah.
For more, see Road trip: Northeast Iowa.
And for leaf color, head east to the Iowa towns along the Mississippi River, one of the region's most beautiful places in
For more, see One fall swoop.
Best living history
© Beth Gauper
During Norskedalen's reenactments, a Confederate soldier tells a Southern woman she must leave her home.
This is an easy pick: the annual Civil War Heritage Weekend at Norskedalen, a pioneer heritage center in the coulees of southwest Wisconsin.
No one is better at showing the misery of war than the members of Company B of the Second Wisconsin, part of the famous Iron Brigade, whose living-history re-enactments can leave onlookers nearly in tears.
Their venue is the Bekkum Homestead, a collection of 13 buildings from 19th-century Norwegian pioneer farms that stands in for rural farms in the South. In their scenario, the Yankees are coming, and the farm folk suffer as much as soldiers.
Onlookers are right there as soldiers tell women and children they must flee and as wounded soldiers scream in pain.
If you're there at the right time — or the wrong time, if you have a sensitive stomach — you might see an army "butcher'' cauterize a wound, with sputtering chicken fat standing in for human flesh.
It's the second weekend in October; for more, see Fight club.
For more about the area, see Valleys of
Best train ride
© Beth Gauper
The 1892 lighthouse in Two Harbors can be reached by rail.
You have to reserve far in advance to be one of the lucky people who gets to ride the North Shore Scenic Railroad from Duluth to Two Harbors on fall weekends.
It's not a little dead-end excursion into the countryside; it's a real train trip to a real town, where you'll be delivered to the door of a real lighthouse to spend the night.
The 1892 red-brick lighthouse in Two Harbors now is a four-room B&B, run by the Lake County Historical Society, and guests are encouraged to learn about local history and act as temporary lighthouse keepers, doing little chores around the place.
At its feet, the Sonju Trail winds across Lighthouse Point, and guests can watch ore boats glide into the harbor to pick up
taconite pellets. Across from the ore docks, they can tour the 1896 tug Edna G., the St. Bernard of the North Shore.
If you want to stay at the lighthouse, take the train Friday and return on Saturday. But all the fall-color excursions to
Two Harbors — a
52-mile, six-hour round trip with with a two-hour layover and a lot of river crossings over high bridges — are a
lot of fun.
For more, see The Lighthouse
Other railroads have fall-color excursions, too; for more, see Riding the rails.
© Beth Gauper
Wilson's has been in Ephraim since 1906.
This time of year, a lot of people get the urge to go to a fish boil and stop by a farm market for some apple pie and cherry cider.
If that's you, head for Door County, which is all about eating this time of
year. Think about what it's most famous for: Fish boils. Wineries. Cherry pie.
In fact, many of its best-known landmarks are places to eat: Wilson's Ice Cream Parlor in Ephraim, famous for its
old-fashioned soda fountain, and Al Johnson's Swedish Restaurant in Sister Bay,
where goats roam on the sod roof and people stand in line for pancakes with lingonberries.
For apples and locally made jams, pies, maple syrup, visit one of 10 farm markets, including Koepsel's in Baileys Harbor, the
Cherry Hut in Fish Creek and Seaquist Orchards north of Sister Bay.
And don't forget to bring a cooler. For more, see Fall in
Best place for solitude
© Beth Gauper
The quiet Seven Bridges Road trail crosses Mississippi sloughs.
This time of year, there are throngs of hikers on such well-known trails as the Oberg Mountain loop on the North Shore, which doesn't mean you shouldn't do
But if you're looking for solitude, try the four-mile Seven Bridges Road, in Van
Loon Wildlife Area near the southwest Wisconsin river town of Trempealeau.
Built on a raised bed through floodplain forest, the road once led to the settlement of McGilvray's Ferry on the Black River,
near its mouth on the Mississippi. It's lined with five 1905 bowstring-arch truss bridges, all on the National Register of
Along with a 1921 truss bridge, they give hikers an enchanting passage through a world from which all other signs of civilization have vanished. Bald-eagle sightings are likely year-round.
To get there, drive seven miles east of Trempealeau on Wisconsin 35 and turn left on Amsterdam Prairie Road. The parking lot is a mile up on the left. It's a 3.7-mile hike to the Black River and back.
For more about the area, see Hitting the trails in Trempealeau.
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