Whiskey and cherubs
In downtown St. Paul, a cluster of family attractions make the city's origins a distant memory.
© Beth Gauper
Gangsters and FBI agents once frequented the Federal Courts Building, now the Landmark Center.
It's ironic, considering its past, that St. Paul is such a wholesome destination.
Liquor brought the first white resident to Minnesota's capital; he was Pierre Parrant, a swinish, one-eyed former voyageur named Pig's Eye. He set up his first tavern near Fort Snelling, but was rousted in 1837 by officers who were tired of the trouble it caused.
The hovel he built in a cave down river was St. Paul's first building, and the area around the tavern he built later, in the
future downtown, was known briefly as Pig's Eye.
But missionaries were close on the heels of sin. One of them, French-speaking priest Lucien Galtier, was able to rename the little settlement after his log chapel, St. Paul's.
The town grew along the river as a transportation center, at first faster than its flour-milling rival across the river, and
was made the state capital.
Its most impressive buildings went up on the hills around downtown. The marble-domed Capitol, modeled after St. Peter's
Basilica in Rome, was finished in 1905.
In 1915, the copper-domed Cathedral of St. Paul went up on the opposite (and higher) hill, across the street from railroad
baron James J. Hill's 1891 mansion on Summit Avenue.
Sin made a memorable reappearance in the 1920s and '30s, when corrupt police officials allowed St. Paul to become a haven for gangsters, including John Dillinger, Alvin "Creepy'' Karpis, Ma Barker, Baby Face Nelson.
Today, St. Paul is known as the friendlier, less glamorous of the Twin Cities, perhaps because of its strong neighborhoods and quieter downtown. For tourists, especially those with children, it’s a good base for explorations.
Many of St. Paul's prime attractions are within a few blocks of each other. The Science Museum of Minnesota, at the top of the bluff, overlooks the Padelford Riverboat landing, from which paddlewheelers cruise up and down the Mississippi, and the picnic areas and playgrounds of Harriet Island.
Two blocks away, on Rice Park, the turreted stone Federal Courts Building where FBI agents once stood with machine guns now is the Landmark Center, home of many arts organizations and cultural festivals honoring the city's many ethnic groups.
© Beth Gauper
The Cathedral of St. Paul is open to visitors who want to admire its magnificent vaulted interior.
Rice Park is an intimate, European-style square, ringed by impressive buildings: the elegant, contemporary Ordway Center for the Performing Arts; the 1916 Beaux Arts central library; and the elegant 1910 Saint Paul Hotel.
A bronze statue of F. Scott Fitzgerald stands there, coat over arm, as well as a pigtailed girl in a fountain. Ice sculptures fill the park.during Winter Carnival, a huge city celebration started in 1886 in response to a New York City reporter's gibe that St. Paul was "the Siberia of North America.''
On the other side of the Ordway, home of the St. Paul Chamber Orchestra and host of touring Broadway shows, are a trio of venues that bring thousands to downtown.
The Roy Wilkins Auditorium is a mid-size concert hall; Riverfront Centre is a convention center that hosts many crafts and hobby shows; and the glass-lined Xcel Energy Center is a state-of-the-art concert arena and home of the Minnesota Wild hockey team.
On a nearby hill, between the Capitol and the Cathedral, the imposing 1993 Minnesota History Center holds all kinds of
hands-on exhibits for kids. Costumed History Players — children's-book author Wanda Gag, musher and mail carrier John
Beargrease, teacher Harriet Bishop — give regular programs.
On the other end of downtown, Garrison Keillor and his cadre of down-home musicians and wry comedians holds forth many
Saturday nights at the Fitzgerald Theater.
The History Theatre stages original plays and musicals a block to the west, and the purple-and-red building of the Minnesota Children's Museum occupies a block nearby.
There still are saloons in St. Paul, where, in 1882, Mark Twain observed that whiskey is "the earliest pioneer of
But St. Paul, especially for families, has come a long way since then.
Trip Tips: Downtown St. Paul
Events: Winter Carnival, last week of January and first week of
February. Festival of Nations, first weekend in May at RiverCentre. Irish Fair of Minnesota, the second weekend of August on Harriet Island.
Accommodations: The elegant 1910 Saint Paul Hotel is steps from the Ordway and Riverfront Centre.
Three blocks from Rice Park, the 1917 Hotel 340 is an extended-stay boutique hotel
that occupies the top three floors of the University Club of St. Paul and includes a fitness club.
The Hilton Garden Inn is in the St.
Paul City Center, which has many shops.
© Beth Gauper
In January, ice sculptures go up in Rice Park, across from the Ordway.
The most unusual place to stay is across the river, where the Covington Inn, built in 1946 as a towboat, is moored on Harriet Island. Four elegant rooms have fireplaces and superb views; the two-story Pilot House suite includes the pilot house as a sitting room and has a private deck.
Dining: Many fine restaurants are within a block of the Ordway and Riverfront Centre, including Meritage, a sophisticated French brasserie; Pazzaluna, a lively Italian trattoria; Kincaid's, a
steak and chop house with windows facing Rice Park; the St. Paul Grill, a clubby
classic in The St. Paul Hotel; Sakura, a good place for sushi; and Great Waters Brewing Co., a casual brewpub.
The iconic Mickey's Diner, on Seventh near the Children's Museum, serves a good breakfast and is on the National Register of Historic Places to boot.
Lowertown, on the other side of downtown, has a cluster of restaurants around Mears Park and also is home of the weekend Saint Paul Farmers' Market, which includes only locally grown and produced goods.
Across the street, chef Lenny Russo's ultra-sophisticated but unpretentious Heartland may be the best restaurant in the Twin Cities; nearly everything comes from small, local purveyors and is sustainably raised.
Try one of the three-course prix-fixe menus, $30-$40, which are quite a value. There's also a farm market/deli that stocks
all kinds of delicacies and local produce.
The castle-like Landmark Center, across from the Ordway, hosts many
free concerts and cultural events.
Nearby, on West Seventh Place, the professional Park Square Theatre
puts on fine plays, as does the History Theatre on West 10th Street, which
specializes in musicals and new works with a local emphasis.
The Fitzgerald Theater is an intimate venue that hosts many concerts and author programs.
"A Prairie Home Companion'': Garrison Keillor's radio variety show is taped at the Fitzgerald Theater many Saturdays at 4:45 p.m. Tickets are $34.50-$50.50; MPR members receive a $2 discount. Reserve in advance or buy $15 rush tickets, available from the box office starting at 4:15 p.m.
In late September, the show starts its regular season with a meatloaf supper and free street dance outside the theater.
Minnesota Centennial Showboat: This floating theater,
docked across from downtown at Harriet Island, presents old-fashioned musical melodramas in summer.
Professional hockey: The Minnesota Wild play at Xcel Energy Center.
Science Museum of Minnesota: Built into the bluff overlooking
the river, the museum is stuffed with exhibits and hands-on activities. Admission is $11, $8.50 children 4-12; $17-$14.50
including Omnitheater shows.
Minnesota Children's Museum: This colorful museum, with many special exhibits, is geared to children ages 6 months to 10 years. Admission is $8.95.
Minnesota History Center: This large center between the Capitol and Cathedral has lots of permanent and changing exhibits and activities geared to children. Admission is $10, $5 for children 6-17. In summer, it holds free Tuesday-night concerts on its lawn, generally with free dance lessons.
Minnesota State Capitol: Free hourly tours are
given daily. In October, the evening Shadows and Spirits tour is very popular, $10, $7 for children 6-17.
River cruises: From Harriet Island, Padelford Riverboats gives 1½-hour
narrated sightseeing cruises up the Mississippi. Check for meal and specialty cruises.
Gangster tours: Across the river from downtown, Wabasha Street Caves offers two-hour Saturday motorcoach tours of kidnapping sites, speakeasies and the apartment building where John Dillinger and police traded machine-gun fire. A costumed gangster character acts as guide, $24.
In October, it offers ghosts and graves tours.
Information: St. Paul tourism, 800-627-6101.
Last updated on February 9, 2011
Sign up for our free weekly newsletter
Get our weekly stories, tips and updates delivered a day early directly to your Inbox. Wondering what you'll get? Take a look at our newsletter archive.