On the river in Minneapolis
The energy first created by a waterfall has returned to this Mill City district.
© Beth Gauper
The Guthrie Theater, with its cantilevered lobby, sits next to the old mills.
The Falls of St. Anthony wasn't a very tall waterfall.
But it was broad and thundering, and the only major drop on the Mississippi.
More importantly, it got good PR from two best-selling travel guides, Father Louis Hennepin's 1683 "Description de la Louisiane'' and Jonathan Carver's 1778 "Travels through the Interior Parts of North-America,'' both of which exaggerated its height.
Other explorers came, and in the 1820s ordinary tourists followed the first steamboats up the Mississippi, where they admired the falls, gawked at the Dakota living in nearby tepees and dined on such Wild West delicacies as buffalo, elk and sturgeon.
But even then, early entrepreneurs were laying plans to harness the power of the falls. By the 1870s, stone mills crowded the falls.
In 1880, Minneapolis took the flour-milling crown from St. Louis. Its Washburn "A" mill, the largest and most advanced in the world, could produce nearly 2 million pounds of flour a day.
In 1883, railroad tycoon James J. Hill built the gracefully curving Stone Arch Bridge, which brought wheat from the Red River Valley right to the doors of the flour mills.
The industry began to decline after World War I, and Minneapolis was supplanted as the nation's largest producer of flour by Buffalo, N.Y. By the 1960s, the riverbanks and Nicollet Island were shabby and neglected.Minneapolis was more enthralled by its new pedestrian-friendly Nicollet Mall, which stretched away from the river, and then by the fab new buildings along it: the blue-glass IDS tower, which became the city's tallest building in 1973, and Orchestra Hall, its orange-and-red interior studded by acoustic "ice cubes,'' opened in 1974 at the mall's far end.
But the river banks began to come back in the 1980s. The restored brick storefronts of St. Anthony Main led the river renaissance, and, though most of the shops have disappeared, its cinema and restaurants still are a magnet.
An 1887 trestle bridge leads to Nicollet Island, where the limestone Nicollet Island Inn, built in 1893 as the Island Door and Sash Co., was refurbished and opened in 1982 with a glass-lined restaurant and bar.
On one end of the 48-acre island is a cavernous pavilion, once an 1893 steam plant.
On the other end of the island, houses have been restored into colorful showplaces, from a 1886 purple Queen Anne with teal trim to a yellow 1867 Greek Revival and the 1875 limestone Grove Street Flats, now condos.
© Beth Gauper
A excursion boat emerges from the lock next to the Stone Arch Bridge.
A shady cobblestone pathway, lined by cottonwoods planted by a pioneer entrepreneur, follows the river from Nicollet Island
to Water Power Park, tiny Father Hennepin Park and the Stone Arch Bridge.
Once slated for demolition, the bridge is one of the most beloved spots in the city. Open only to pedestrians, bicyclists and trolleys, it provides an unparalleled view of the falls and both sides of the river, and plaques explain milling history.
The west side of the river was developed more recently. In 1991, a fire nearly destroyed the Washburn A Mill, but the ruins
became part of Mill City Museum.
Run by the Minnesota Historical Society, it features the eight-story Flour Tower, milling exhibits and baking demonstrations. On weekends, guides lead riverfront walking tours and costumed History Players make appearances as historical figures.
Next door, the cantilevered lobby of the Guthrie Theater stretches across West River Parkway. The striking new building
opened in 2006, and its unusual interior is filled with gawkers both night and day.
From Mill Ruins Park, across a plank road, it's a pleasant walk or bicycle ride up riverside paths to the Hennepin Avenue
It's an unusually elegant span for such a short stretch, but it's an important spot: The first-ever bridge over the
Mississippi was built here in 1855.
The path continues up the west side of the river to the Plymouth Avenue bridge and across to Boom Island Park, from which the
Minneapolis Queen paddlewheeler takes excursionists downriver and through the locks.
From Boom Island, a tiny 1901 trestle bridge crosses the channel back to Nicollet Island.
One of the liveliest neighborhoods in Minneapolis is just across the channel and beyond the 1857 Lady of Lourdes Church, whose steeple is a Minneapolis landmark.
Once a tired-looking neighborhood of Eastern European émigrés, many of whom had moved on by the 1980s, northeast Hennepin
Avenue now is lined by boutiques, cafes, coffeehouses and nightclubs. New condos and townhouses have gone up, drawing
affluent empty-nesters from the suburbs.
But its heritage lives on at Kramarczuk's, where stout matrons dish up borscht and pierogies, and whose aromatic sausage
counter has been supplying homesick émigrés since 1954.
Baltic Imports, next door, is one of the Twin Cities' best sources of Ukrainian etched eggs. Nye's Polonaise Room, famous for its polka bands, is such a 1950s time capsule it's become popular with the Gen-X set.
© Beth Gauper
The ruins of the Washburn A Mill are part of Mill City Museum, which uses its open courtyard for events.
From any sidewalk, the skyscrapers of downtown Minneapolis can be seen, pointing to the sterile fate this little neighborhood
Today, this east-side stretch is called the Mississippi Mile. But it may as well be called the miracle mile.
Trip Tips: Riverfront Minneapolis
Getting there: The downtown side of the river is a four-block walk down Chicago Avenue from the Metrodome stop of the Hiawatha light-rail line.
Free summer concerts: Minneapolis Parks puts on free concerts at 7 p.m. Tuesdays in Father Hennepin Bluffs Park, on the north
end of the Stone Arch Bridge.
Touring: It's a very pleasant 3˝-mile loop by foot, bicycle or in-line skates from the Stone Arch Bridge to the Plymouth Bridge, through Boom and Nicollet islands.
Touring by water: Above the Falls Sports rents canoes, kayaks and
rowing boats and also leads tours of the river.
Walking tours: Mill City Museum gives riverfront walking tours from June through September. Fee includes museum admission. Reserve at 612-341-7555.
Segway tours: Three-hour Magical History
Tours on a Segway start at St. Anthony Main and cover five to seven miles. They're given April through October.
Cruise excursion: The Minneapolis Queen paddlewheeler takes passengers on narrated cruises on the river below the locks. It docks at Bohemian Flats Park, between the University of Minnesota East Bank and West Bank campuses. From Mother's Day through the third weekend in October.
Mill City Museum: Attractions include the Flour Tower, History Player appearances, Dust Explosion demos and Kevin Kling's "Minneapolis in 19 Minutes Flat'' film. Admission is $10, $5 children 6-17. It's open Tuesday-Sunday.
Dining (east side of river): At the Guthrie, Sea Change specializes in seafood; its chef is Tim McKee, winner of the 2009 James Beard award for Best Chef Midwest.Mill City Farmers Market is held Saturday mornings and is a good source of fresh treats.
Dining (west side of river): Along Main Street, Pracna has tables on the sidewalk, and Vic's and Tuggs Tavern serve on a wooden deck. The Aster Cafe serves salads, sandwiches, beer and wine and hosts live music most nights.
© Beth Gauper
Riverfront rejuvenation started along Main Street, in an area now known as St. Anthony Main.
On University Avenue, two blocks from Father Hennepin Park, Alma is one of the most sophisticated restaurants in Minneapolis, and its chef won the 2010 James Beard award for Best Chef Midwest. It doesn't have outdoor tables, however.
Surdyk's has an excellent deli; buy picnic fare and eat it on Nicollet Island.
There's also a Chipotle. Two blocks farther, Gardens of Salonica serves fine
Greek food in a casual setting.
Water-ski shows: On the west side of the river, between the Plymouth and Broadway bridges, the Twin Cities River Rats put on free water-ski shows on Thursday evenings from June to Labor Day. Free.
Accommodations: The limestone Nicollet Island Inn, built in 1893 as the Island Door and Sash Co., is in the middle of it all. It has 24 individually decorated rooms, all with views and some with whirlpool; ask about packages. 612-331-1800.
The modern Aloft
Minneapolis on Washington Avenue is the closest hotel to the Guthrie.
The LeBlanc House, built in 1896 by a mill engineer, is walking distance from the northeast Minneapolis shopping area and has three rooms. 612-379-2570.
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